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Bay of Bengal Maritime Boundary Arbitration between Bangladesh and India

On October 8, 2009, the People’s Republic of Bangladesh instituted arbitral proceedings concerning the delimitation of the maritime boundary between Bangladesh and the Republic of India pursuant to Article 287 and Annex VII, Article 1 of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). The Permanent Court of Arbitration acts as Registry in this arbitration.


The Members of the Arbitral Tribunal are:

Professor Dr. Rüdiger Wolfrum (President)
Judge Thomas A. Mensah
Dr. Pemmaraju Sreenivasa Rao
Professor Ivan Shearer

Judge Jean-Pierre Cot



Party Representatives

Bangladesh is represented by:




Dr. Dipu Moni MP, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh  



Deputy Agent:   


Rear Admiral Md. Khurshed Alam (Retd), Secretary, Maritime Affairs Unit Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh



Counsel and Advocates:


H.E. The Honourable A.H. Mahmood Ali, MP Foreign Minister, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh

Mr. Md. Shahidul Haque, Foreign Secretary, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh

Mr. Mohammad Shahidul Haque, Secretary, Legislative & Parliamentary Affairs Division, Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs, Dhaka

Professor Payam Akhavan, McGill University

Professor Alan Boyle, University of Edinburgh

Professor James Crawford SC, FBA, University of Cambridge

Mr. Lawrence H. Martin, Foley Hoag LLP

Mr. Paul S. Reichler, Foley Hoag LLP

Professor Philippe Sands QC, University College London




Mr. Shiekh Mohammed Belal, Director General, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Bangladesh Ambassador-designate to the Netherlands

M.R.I. Abedin, System Analyst, Maritime Affairs Unit, Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Mr. Mohammad Hazrat Ali Khan, Director, Maritime Affairs Unit ,Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Dr. Robin Cleverly, Law of the Sea Consultant, The United Kingdom Hydrographic Office

Mr. Scott Edmonds, Cartographic Consultant, International Mapping

Dr. Lindsay Parson, Director, Maritime Zone Solutions Ltd.

Mr. Robert W. Smith, Geographic Consultant



Junior Counsel:

Mrs. Clara Brillembourg, Foley Hoag LLP

Mr. Vivek Krishnamurthy, Foley Hoag LLP

Mr. Yuri Parkhomenko, Foley Hoag LLP

Mr. Remi Reichhold, Matrix Chambers

India is represented by:




Dr. Neeru Chadha, Joint Secretary & the Legal Advisor, Ministry of External Affairs



Mr. Harsh Vardhan Shringla, Joint Secretary (BSM), Ministry of External Affairs 



Deputy Agent:


Mr. Puneet Agrawal, Deputy Agent, Director (BSM), Ministry of External Affairs



Chief Counsel:


H.E. Mr. G. E. Vahanvati, Attorney General of India





Professor Alain Pellet, University of Paris Ouest, Nanterre-La Défense, Former Member & Chairman of the International Law Commission, Associate Member of the Institut de Droit International

Professor W.M. Reisman, McDougal Professor of Law, Yale University, Member of the Institut de Droit International

Mr. R.K.P. Shankardass, Senior Advocate, Supreme Court of India, Former President, International Bar Association

Sir Michael Wood, K.C.M.G, Member of the English Bar, Member of the International Law Commission 




H.E. Mr. R.N. Prasad, Ambassador of India to the Netherlands

Dr. A. Sudhakara Reddy, Counsellor (Legal), 



Junior Counsel:


Mr. Devadatt Kamat, Assistant Counsel to Attorney General of India

Mr. Benjamin Samson, University of Paris Ouest

Mr. Eran Sthoeger, New York University 


Scientific and Technical


Vice Admiral S.K. Jha, Chief Hydrographer to the Government of India

Rear Admiral K.M. Nair, Joint Chief Hydrographer, National Hydrographic Office (NHO)


Prof. Martin Pratt, Expert Cartographer, Director of Research, International Boundary Research Unit (IBRU), Durham University

Commodore Adhir Arora, Principal Director of Hydrography, NHO

Captain Peush Pawsey, Director of Hydrography (Ops.), NHO

Dr. Dhananjay Pandey, Scientist, National Centre for Antarctic & Ocean Research (NCAOR)

Mr. R. C. Samota, Cartographic Assistant, NHO 



Research Associates:

Mr. K. S. Mohammed Hussain, Legal Officer, Ministry of External Affairs

Ms. Héloise Bajer-Pellet, Member of the Paris Bar








Memorial of Bangladesh:



Counter-Memorial of India:



Reply of Bangladesh:



Rejoinder of India:



Hearing Transcripts






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